Unlike other web programming languages, Python enables developers to build web applications with concise, readable, and maintainable code. In 2018, many web developers will prefer Python to other server-side scripting languages to speed up web application development and simplify web application maintenance. But Python does not provide the built-in features required to accelerate custom web application development. The programmers use a number of Python web frameworks to write custom web applications in Python quickly and efficiently.
In 2018, web developers will have option to choose from a wide range of Python frameworks. Some of these web frameworks are full-stack, whereas others are not full-stack. Likewise, some of these web frameworks get updates frequently to complement emerging web application development trends. Depending on several factors, we feel, web developers will use these Python web frameworks widely in 2018.
Top 10 Important Python Web Frameworks for 2018
Django is the most popular web framework for Python. Its popularity will remain intact in 2018. The high-level and full-stack web framework simplifies development of large and complex web applications by providing a number of robust features. It evolves consistently to meet the latest web application development trends. The features provided by Django further help developers to accomplish common web development tasks like content administration, user authentication, RSS feeds and sitemap. Django developers can take advantage of the built-in security features provided by Django prevent SQL injection, cross-site scripting, cross-site request forgery and clickjacking. At the same time, Django helps programmers to scale the website quickly to meet sudden spike in traffic. Here is a list of some of the best websites developed in Django.
The open source full-stack web framework is written in Python. Web2Py simplifies custom web application development by including useful batteries like a web server, SQL database, and web-based interface. It even enables programmers to create, modify, deploy, and manage the web applications efficiently through web browsers. The users can even run Web2Py seamlessly on major operating systems and web servers. They can even build database-driven web applications by working with several widely used relational database management systems. At the same time, Web2Py helps developers to implement MVC programming paradigm and prevent common security vulnerabilities.
The web developers can use CubicWeb as a semantic web application framework for Python. In addition to following common object-oriented programming principles, CubicWeb further accelerates custom web application development by providing reusable components called cubes. The developers can further take advantage of the library of reusable components to perform common web development tasks efficiently. CubicWeb even allows programmers to use the RQL query language. CubicWeb has been evolving consistently to facilitate development of modern web applications.
The web framework for Python is developed based on Zope Toolkit technology. Grok enables Python developers to accelerate web application development by using Zope Toolkit as a set of libraries. The developers even have option to choose from a wide range of standalone and community libraries according to specific project needs. The component architectures used by Grok helps Python developers to simplify custom web application development by taking advantage of content objects, views, and controller. Grok further provides the building blocks required to build custom web applications according to varying business requirements.
Zope is an open source web application server based on Python. The developers can further extend Zope according to their precise needs through Python code. Unlike other web frameworks, Zope is an object-oriented web application development platform. The features provided by Zope help programmers to build custom web applications according to varying business requirements. Also, Zope supports both versions 2.x and 3.x of Python programming language. Zope 4 further allows developers to take advantage of Chameleon-based page templates and improve performance of web application by reducing memory consumption.
Bottle is a simple and lightweight web framework for Python. It is even distributed as a single file module, while taking advantage of the Python standard library. The developers can use Bottle to simplify development of small and simple web applications by availing features like built-in template engine, HTTP development server, and routing. Bottle further allows developers to work with various widely used databases through specific plug-ins.
The micro web framework for Python is developed based on Jinja 2 templating language. Flask accelerated web application development by providing a built-in debugger and development server. It further supports secure cookies, integrated unit testing, RESTful request dispatching, and Jinja 2 templating. The developer can use specific extensions to extend Flask according to specific project needs. Here is a comparative study between Django and Flask and how to choose the right Python Framework.
Pyramid is a fast and lightweight web framework for Python. The features provided by Pyramid help developers to build small web applications rapidly. But the developers can also use the Python web framework to convert the small web applications into large web applications. In addition to handling web requests and responses efficiently, Pyramid also accelerates custom web application development by providing features like routing, view classes, templating and static assets. The developers can even extend Pyramid seamlessly by integrating a variety of packages and add-ons. Here is a quick analysis of Pyramid vs Django.
CherryPy is designed as an object-oriented and minimalist web framework for Python. It accelerates web application development by allowing developers to write concise code based on object-oriented programming principles. But the developers can still simplify custom web application development by taking advantage of the built-in tools provided by CherryPy for caching, sessions, authentication, and static content. CherryPy even supports testing, profiling, and coverage natively.
On the whole, there are a number of Python web frameworks whose popularity will remain intact in 2018. But the developers will still evaluate the pros and cons of each of these popular Python web frameworks according to precise needs of individual projects. Hence, the choice of Python web framework will differ from one developer to another in 2018. The Python developers can also use several Python interpreters like PyPy for efficient programming.