Python is designed as a highly readable programming language. Unlike other programming languages, Python enables programmers to express concepts using English keywords instead of punctuations. Hence, many web developers prefer Python to other web programming language to keep the code readable and web applications maintainable. But Python was not designed with built-in web development capabilities. The developers need robust Python web frameworks to build custom web applications rapidly according to varying business requirements. A web developer has option to choose from a wide range of Python web frameworks.
Both Django and Pyramid are widely used Python web frameworks. Also, both web frameworks for Python are open source and free. Django is designed as a high-level web framework, whereas Pyramid is designed as a lightweight web framework. Django comes with features to simplify and speed up web application development, whereas Pyramid provides features to simplify development and deployment of real-world web applications. Hence, the web developers must know major differences between Pyramid vs Django to choose the right Python web framework.
Comparing Two Widely Used Python Web Frameworks: Pyramid vs Django
Both Pyramid and Django helps developers to accelerate custom web application development. The developers can extend and customize each of the two web frameworks according to precise project needs. Django helps developers to build custom web applications rapidly by providing a wide range of batteries and components. These batteries enable programmers to write custom web applications without using additional tools. But Pyramid allows developers to build web application in a more flexible way by allowing them to choose the right tool.
Pyramid is designed as a lightweight web framework. Unlike Django, Pyramid does not include a template providing system. While working with Django, web developers can avail a template system and an object relational mapper (ORM) system, along with built-in security features. But Pyramid does not provide a template system or an ORM system. But it allows programmers to choose the right template system and ORM system according to precise needs of each project. Hence, Pyramid helps programmers to write web applications in Python in a more flexible way.
Both Pyramid and Django supports model-view-controller (MVC) concept. Hence, each of the two web frameworks enables programmers to keep the user interface separated from business logic. Unlike Pyramid, Django comes with a built-in template system. The template system allows Django developers to build user interfaces with a mini-language – Django template language. The template language makes it easier for web developers to display variable and modify variables before display. At the same time, the programmers can perform a number of operations by using specific tags.
Django complements the template system with an ORM system. The ORM system bridges the gap between the database engine and database model. Also, the programmers can use the ORM system with work with a number of widely used relational and NoSQL databases. For instance, the ORM system supports widely used relational database management systems like MySQL, Oracle and PostgreSQL. Also, the developers can use Django-nonrel fork to work with popular NoSQL databases like MongoDB and Google App Engine. Unlike Django, Python does not provide an ORM system. But it allows web developers to take advantage of a robust database toolkit for Python – SQLAlchemy.
Its admin interface makes Django score over a number of Python web frameworks including Pyramid. While using Django, web developers take advantage of the ready-to-use interface to perform a variety of administrative tasks. For instance, they can use the admin interface to simplify create, read, update, and delete (CRUD) operations on the web application’s module. Likewise, the admin interface also helps programmers to manage various Django users and groups efficiently.
Pyramid treats the entire web application development project as a single file. On the other hand, Django keeps each project as a collection of individual applications. Hence, it becomes easier for developers to maintain and update the project by modifying or replacing specific applications. The developers even have option to incorporate self-contained code and third-party components into the project as applications.
Both Pyramid and Django come with built-in bootstrapping tools. But the bootstrapping mechanism used by each of the two web frameworks differs. The bootstrapping mechanism provided by Django enables programmers to create applications by running specific commands. Unlike Django, Pyramid does not require programmers to follow specific code layout conventions. But it recommends programmers to adopt bootstrapping mechanism through scaffolds. The developers even have option to choose from a variety of scaffolds.
Both Pyramid and Django are widely used Python web frameworks. Django is currently being used by a number of high-traffic websites. Some of the best websites developed using Django framework includes Google, YouTube, Pinterest and Instagram. Likewise, Pyramid is also currently used by popular websites like Environmental Health News, ITCase, Easy Blog Network, and LinkPeek. Hence, a Python programmer can use both Django and Pyramid for building web applications on varying size, scale, and nature.
But Django simplifies large and complex web application development by adopting a batteries-included approach and supporting MVC programming paradigm. On the other hand, Pyramid is designed as a lightweight web framework and allows programmers to choose the right tools according to precise project needs. But the developers have to extend Pyramid to accelerate development of complex and large web applications.
Both Django and Pyramid are open source Python web frameworks. But each of the two Python web frameworks is supported by a large and active community. The community contributes toward making the Python web framework popular and relevant. But the statistics posted on a number of websites depict that Django is currently being supported by a much larger community than other Python web frameworks including Pyramid. The large community of developers further contribute towards adding new and improved features to each new version of Django.
On the whole, both Pyramid and Django simplify and accelerate web application development by providing a set of robust features and tools. But each of the two Python web frameworks has its own pros and cons. The smarter Python programmers always keep in mind precise needs of each project while comparing Pyramid and Django.